Since my childhood, I have seen many families shattered due to alcoholism. It is something that seems like not an issue. But, once you get addicted, it’s incredibly complicated to resist the use of alcohol or drugs. Once I asked my friend that why is it so difficult to quit the obsession of intoxicant, then he gave me various explanations. Although it appeared relatively simple for me, I admitted that resisting substance use is tough.
Everyone should have an awareness and attention to the growing crisis of addiction.
WHAT IS ADDICTION:-
A condition where a person feels a strong need to take a drug. They find it difficult to control the need to take the drug and sensing the use of the drug to be vital than normal things.
It is an illness caused by destructive patterned use of illegal or legal drugs or medication. The use of drugs interferes with their ability to function.
HOW ARE YOUTH AFFECTED:-
The drug menace has woven itself deep into the fabric of our society. Teens and young adults are at more risk with the misuse of substances. Most of them are under eighteen, one in five high school students have abused drugs. Each day more youngsters fall into a trap. According to the recent government studies, people between the age of 15-35 years take some form of drugs, and most commonly used are cannabis, heroin, opium, hashish, etc..
Addiction doesn’t depend on income, job, age, race, color. It is a disease of the brain that can happen to anyone.
CAUSES OF THE ADDICTION:
The three-headed monster luring the youth towards addiction is peer pressure that is out of curiosity, to have a good time with friends, and also because friends are doing it.
It can also be due to adolescent immaturity, irresponsible parenting, psychological problems like depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and personality disorders.
The prominent cause of the addiction in high school students is because of poor achievement in school, poor relations with parents.
There are six categories considering their chemical makeup. They are alcohol, opioids, benzodiazepines, cannabinoids, barbiturates, and hallucinogens.
- The periodic urge to use drugs daily or several times a day.
- Prevents the user from meeting significant daily responsibilities at work, home, or school.
- Cutting back on social activities because of use.
- Continuous use of the drug even though the person is aware of the physical and psychological problems is worsened by drug use.
- An unsuccessful trial of decreasing the use of the drug can cause intense cravings called withdrawal symptoms.
CONSEQUENCES AND LONG-TERM EFFECTS:-
spending more money on the drug even if one cannot afford it, going to the extent of stealing to get the drug are the primary consequences due to the addiction.
Drug or alcohol use can cause changes in the brain that includes the ability to think, control the behavior, send intense impulses to take drugs.
It causes harm to organs and systems in our throat, stomach, lungs, liver, pancreas in the body. Including heart and lung diseases, cancer, mental illness, HIV, hepatitis, brain, and nervous system.
Some of the mind issues are paranoia, depression, anxiety, aggression, hallucinations, etc. it leads to problems with memory, attention, decision-making, which makes daily living more difficult.
Global effects of drugs on the body such as breast development in men and an increase in body temperature.
An addict could experience the loss of their friends. It often causes relationships to become strained. Emotions could run high in these relationships. It may cause some people to cut ties with the addict due to behavior.
IMPACT ON FRIENDS:-
Addiction is not a one-person phenomenon. It creates a domino effect on the lives of those around them.
The idea that they aren’t hurting anyone except for themselves is an excuse to justify their addiction. Initially, your friends may not be worried about your drug or alcohol use, even though they may not want to use it. Though it is a destructive issue that can have an adverse effect. They may want to do other things while you want to use drugs. Gradually, they might not enjoy your company while you are high, and they are not.
As you are high or getting high, you won’t be able to do things with your friends like playing sports or just hanging out. Instead of spending the time with you, they will choose to be with people like them.
HOW IS THE FAMILY AFFECTED:-
An individual neglecting their responsibilities due to misuse of drugs can negatively affect their career, children’s education, and financial security.
PARENTAL ALCOHOLISM:- It can create a poor self-image, loneliness, guilt, anxiety, feeling of helplessness, fear of abandonment, and chronic depression in children. It can lead to more severe problems later in their lives. Due to loss of productivity, unemployability, impairment in physical and mental health, reduced quality of life, increased crime, increased violence, abuse, and neglect of children, dependence they are often unfairly exposed to illegal activities.
BEING MARRIED TO AN ADDICT:- It can be even more difficult to marry an addict, especially where only one partner has this problem. It leads to the other partner to shoulder an unfair share of the household responsibilities. The higher divorce rates are due to alcoholism.
PARENTS OF ALCOHOLICS AND DRUG ADDICTS:- No matter how old a parent’s kids are, discovering that their children have an addiction problem can be rude, unpleasant, and awakening. It may cause mothers and fathers to question their parental abilities. They blame themselves for the development of substance use disorder.
DOMESTIC AND SEXUAL ABUSE:- Several studies have found that a large percentage of child abuse and domestic abuse cases involve the use of drugs or alcohol. Women are physically, sexually, and emotionally abused. More than 3 million children witness violent acts against their mothers each year.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND DEPRESSION:-
The relationship between the two disorders is bi-directional, where people who misuse substances are more likely to suffer from depression, and people who suffer from depression are more likely to abuse substances to lift their mood or escape from feelings of guilt and despair.
But, substances like alcohol, which is a sedative can increase feelings of sadness or fatigue and creates suicidal thoughts.
MEDIA’S PORTRAYAL TOWARDS ADDICTION:-
Addiction is often glamorized in media, television, and movies. They use addiction as a plot point. They tend to gloss over the experience of living with a substance use disorder and portray it as entertaining and exciting.
WHAT’S THE TREATMENT?
It is possible to counteract the disruptive effect of drug use and regain control in life with the right treatment.
PRIMARY GOALS OF TREATMENT:-
- Reversal prevention.
REHABILITATION FOR THE BETTER SOCIETY:-
Everyone should get addiction treatment, and it is not a criminal issue. With the proper help and treatment, they will be able to overcome the addiction and fit into society once again. Several people took the necessary steps to beat their crippling addiction and even became pillars of various communities.
You don’t have to fight it alone. Don’t be ashamed to tell people about your addiction. Many people are going through or have gone through the same thing. Asking for help is the first to regain control of your life.
IT TAKES COURAGE AND STRENGTH TO OVERCOME ADDICTION
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