National Education Policy 2020: All you need to know


New National Education Policy(NEP) 2020 has finally been approved by the Cabinet. The cabinet briefing by Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B)Prakash Javadekar and Human Resource Development (HRD) Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, said there would be a single regulator for all higher education institutions and renamed the HRD Ministry as Education Ministry.

The government had said that focus was on bringing uniformity in education, providing universal access to quality education, improving the quality of elementary education through a new national curriculum framework that focuses on multi-linguistic, 21st-century skills, integration of sports and arts, environmental issues, etc.

In a suggestion to ramp up digital learning, a National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) would be created. “E-courses will be developed in eight regional languages initially and virtual labs will be developed.

What is National Education Policy(NEP)

The National Policy on Education (NPE) is a policy formulated by the Government of India to promote education amongst India’s people. The policy covers elementary education to colleges in both rural and urban India. The first NPE was promulgated in 1968 by the government of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, and the second by Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1986. The government of India has appointed a new committee under K. Kasturirangan to prepare a Draft for the new National Education Policy in 2017. All education boards in India like CISCE and CBSE are based on this policy.

The Policy focuses on:
  1. Bringing uniformity in education
  2. Providing universal access to quality education
  3. Improving the quality of elementary education through a new national curriculum

Changes of New NEP-2020

  • Tracking Student Progress for Achieving Learning Outcomes
  • National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST)
  • 5+3+3+4 Curricular and Pedagogical Structure
  • KGBVs upto Grade 12
  • National Educational Technology Forum (NETF)
  • Independent Board of Governors (BoG)

Curriculum content will be reduced in each subject to its core essentials – key concepts, ideas, applications and problem solving. Emphasis on critical thinking and more holistic, inquiry-based, discovery-based, discussion-based, and analysis-based learning

The three-language learned by children will be the choices of States, regions, and of the students, so long as at least two of the three languages are native to India.

UGC, AICTE to be replaced by a single Higher Education Regulator – HECI.

Common entrance exams to be held for admission to universities and higher education institutions, as per Centre’s new Education Policy.

Major emphasis will be laid on women ’s education to overcome the poor rate of illiteracy among female. They will be given priority in various educational institutes and special provisions will be made available for them in vocational, technical and professional education.

Students pursuing 4 year degree programme would have an option of getting a degree with Research if the research process is completed in the are of study as specified.

The professional councils, such as the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR), Veterinary Council of India (VCI), National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE), Council of Architecture (CoA), National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET) etc., will act as Professional Standard Setting Bodies (PSSBs).

In order to reduce the importance and stress of exams, board examinations will undergo a huge change. The exam will be conducted in two parts: Objective and descriptive. The exam can be conducted twice a year

country got the new education policy after 34 years

The committee which suggested changes in the education system under the NEP was headed by former ISRO chief K Kasturirangan. The NEP was drafted in 1986 and updated in 1992. The NEP was part of the election manifesto of the ruling Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) ahead of the 2014 elections.i

The vision of creating an education system that contributes directly to transforming the country, providing high-quality education to all, and making India a global knowledge superpower.

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