WHAT IS MENSTRUATION:-
Menstruation is the process of discharge of blood from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina. It is a cycle that repeats for every 28 days until menopause.
HOW DOES THE MENSTRUATION affect MENTAL HEALTH:-
It is undoubtedly true that approximately 90% of the women experience disturbances in their mental health during periods. And,85% of them experience PMS(PRE MENSTRUAL SYNDROME) they include irritability, anxiety, fatigue, and depression.
There is a roller coaster of symptoms, due to the decrease in dopamine and serotonin,the feel-good chemicals.
Once a girl shared her experience with me about how she felt during her PMS, and she told me that she yelled at her friend without any reason, and cried about it after yelling, then she went to apologize to her and cried more, and then started laughing hysterically.and she also mentioned that she used to get the suicidal thoughts frequently.
A guy shared his experience about his wife, he told that she is a different person during PMs,she shouts his name, he can’t even touch her, it’s like she is constantly on angry mode, sometimes she even threatened to divorce him.you find it funny by reading this, but yes this is due to the hormonal changes.
PHASES OF THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE:-
- Menstrual phase- during which the uterus sheds the inner lining.
- Follicular phase- it is the middle of the cycle between the menstrual phase and ovulation.
- Ovulation- during which ovulation occurs, where ovary releases an egg.
- Luteal phase- during which the uterus prepares for shedding the inner lining.
The main reason for mental health is due to the fluctuations in the hormones. they include estrogen, progesterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and testosterone hormone.
The estrogen hormone is also called as the growth hormone.it plays a crucial role during the whole menstrual cycle.it is produced in the ovary, adrenal gland, fat tissue. Progesterone hormone plays a crucial role during pregnancy. the other hormone testosterone increases energy, bone density, and sex drive during ovulation.
Men always believe that it is very hard and a big task to understand women. and, its a fact because during the whole month(28 days)women are always controlled by the hormones.
From day 1-2: periods start, decrease in the levels of estrogen, uterine contractions occur, time for the cramps, they experience random anxious feelings, like feeling extremely low and wanting to lay on the bed the whole day.
From day 3-5: period ends, mild rise in the estrogen levels and energy levels. feeling annoyed, not interested in talking with anyone.
From day 6-10: doubles the estrogen levels, skin glows, testosterone levels increase,more active. the best time for taking initiatives, more excited to do any work.
From day 10-13: estrogen levels are at the top, most fertile period, most intense orgasms, very social, love to talk a lot,tries to understand everything.
At day 14: ovulation occurs, an ovary releases the egg, if not fertilized dissolves in the inner lining of the uterus.
From day 15-18: a sudden change in the hormones, tiredness occurs. feeling disappointed, suppressed, sometimes rage, and hurt.
From day 20-22: decrease in the estrogen levels, the surge in testosterone and progesterone.production of excess oil on the face, acne, skin becomes sensitive. feeling frustrated and irritable.
From day 23-25: high progesterone levels, bloating, lowered libido. experiencing bouts of rage, more chances of thoughts to fight, and yell at someone.
From day 26-28: premenstrual symptoms, experiencing ultimate food cravings like wanting to eat junk food a lot, feeling very confident, and very low at the same time.
Some of the period problems:-
The above explanation is a detailed description of the perfect menstrual cycle. But, there is more to learn about the complications of the menstrual cycle. these include:- mood swings, over bleeding, irregular periods,weakness, PMS, pains, and cramps.
Irregular periods include excessive periods or no periods. They may occur due to stress, eating excessive junk food, depending on the medicine, using the plastic containers for eating, and the most important thing due to unsynchronisation with the moon.
Premenstrual syndrome is a sign for a period, it involves the decreased levels of estrogen, avoid eating junk food, avoid medication, and if possible have some exercise. pains and cramps are due to the contraction of the uterine muscles, they are mostly seen in women having weakness or due to the deficiency of iron and dryness in the body. the best remedy for this is lubrication, which involves oil massage with sesame oil on the navel and adds buttermilk in your diet.and also walking for at least twenty minutes improves the blood circulation.
Synchronization with the moon:-
The most important and very crucial thing is to be in synchronization with the moon. because according to the researches the menstrual cycle of women (28 days) is in synchronization with the cycle of the moon(28 days)and it is not a coincidence.that’s the reason why moonlight effects the balance in the hormones. drinking moonlight charged water is very healthy. switch to the moonlight from the blue light of your mobile phones.
About 3 to 9 % of women experience the premenstrual dysphoric disorder, where people cannot cope up with the daily routines. They feel very happy all the time with friends and at home, when they are alone they feel extremely depressed. Feel sadness and hopelessness before 2 weeks from periods, they get migraines every 12th day before periods, (once a woman told that if someone sends her an email of work politely to fix something wrong, she wanted to quit the job she never wants to look at him again, she also thought that she would e fired.
Its not easy to recognize and in someone, so planning for every single day so that, you can know that you are two weeks before your period. The best way to avoid these mood swings is to be very social, try to spend most of the time with loved ones, try to have some exercise. hence, taking care of the mental health along with physical health during menstruation is so important.
It is not only important for women to learn about menstruation and the hormonal changes but also for men because the best remedy for any mental health problem is spending time with their closed ones…
HOW CAN PERIODS AFFECT SOCIAL LIFE OF A GIRL’S LIFE:-
EDUCATION:-THEY MISS 20% of SCHOOL due to period, this is because of embarrassment, pain, and poor hygiene
HEALTH:-use of improvised menstrual hygiene materials can lead to infection, and some girls using old cloths, newspapers can lead to infections.
DIGNITY:- they may suffer from discomfort, face teasing, and shaming.
FEW MYTHS ON PERIODS:-
- Earlier people used to believe that if girls walk over a garden during their periods, the plants will die.
- Sex curos period pain.
- Exercising while menstruating can damage the uterus.
- It’s not safe or healthy to bath while on periods.
ARE THESE MYTHS TRUE:-
Well, earlier due to lack of knowledge and due to lack of the proper medication and proper equipment, people made barriers to avoid shame in front of others.
But, now the situations have changed it’s not the same as before. believing these myths can make it more difficult for women to talk about their periods, and to know whether their menstruation is normal and healthy. These myths can lead to shame, silence, and can even lead to poor reproductive health outcomes for women and men alike.
Breaking down these myths can help equalize the genders and improve relationships between men and women